The United Nations has called on Iraq to prevent militias fighting alongside government forces against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, or ISIS) from taking revenge on civilians and to clarify the fate of hundreds now missing.
A Shia militia working alongside Iraqi army troops to retake the city of Fallujah from ISIL in early June may have abducted nearly 900 civilians and executed nearly 50 others, some by beheadings and torture, according to the UN's top rights official.
Since the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003 and breakdown of the Iraqi state, ethno-sectarian partition has become a popular political mantra. The assumption is that a federal state based on three autonomous regions — Sunni Arab, Shiite Arab and Kurd — is the most realistic way to stabilize Iraq and keep its borders intact. This claim has revived alongside the devastation and communal distrust created by the Islamic State (IS) and the territorial, demographic and political changes resulting from the campaign to counter IS.
What is happening today in Iraq and Syria is due to decades of conflict between two major axes, Iran and the Arabs. It began with the 1979 Iranian revolution, and continued with threats to export the revolution throughout the region, and with the Iran-Iraq war that lasted eight years. Things only calmed down for two years, then Iraq invaded Kuwait, triggering international intervention.
Iraq has approved measures requested by the International Monetary Fund to unlock loans that should help the country overcome a cash crunch caused by declining oil revenue, a senior government official said.
The agreement, reached last month between Iraq and the IMF, "is on track", Mudher Salih, an adviser on financial policy to Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, told Reuters late on Sunday.
La ofensiva de los últimos días contra el Estado Islámico amenaza a los yihadistas con expulsarlos de dos ciudades clave que han estado en su poder desde hace años, la iraquí Faluya y la siria Raqqa, y pone en peligro la continuidad del califato instaurado por Abu Bakr al Bagdadi y que ha servido de talismán para un gran número de musulmanes radicales de todo el mundo.
Llamada alguna vez «la ciudad de los minaretes», construida a orillas del río Éufrates y antiguo hogar de una importante comunidad judía. Faluya, centro de atención mediática por la ofensiva que las tropas de Bagdad han lanzado contra los militantes del grupo terrorista Daesh, se ubica en el corazón del triángulo suní en Irak, demarcación territorial que acoge a los seguidores de esa corriente mayoritaria del islam practicada por los yihadistas en su versión más rigorista. Corriente enfrentada al chiismo, la principal por número de practicantes del país.
A group of Iraqi lawmakers announced their withdrawal on Saturday from a session of parliament aimed at selecting a replacement for the speaker, apparently leaving it without the necessary quorum.
Najaf / NINA / The leader of the Sadrist movement called to determine timeframe for forming technocrat government, stressing the continuing sit-ins and emphasized on the protesters to abide by the commandments, which were issued to them.
Muqtada al-Sadr warned of economic disaster in the event of failure to respond to the demands of the protesters and all the Iraqi people, calling to activate dialogue in the political disputes, accusing political leaders of the three presidencies what he called "ignoring reality during recent meetings."
Tens of thousands of Iraqis have taken to the streets of Baghdad for the third week in a row to demand a political overhaul.
Gathering on Friday in the capital, protesters heeded a call to gather by powerful Shia cleric Muqtada al- Sadr, who is pressuring the Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi to push on with a plan to form a cabinet of independent ministers.
On Friday, a new report by the International Crisis Group, an independent research and policy institute, bluntly warned of both the political and military challenges in Iraq. Under Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, the report declared, “Parliament has been rendered toothless, independent state agencies shorn of their powers. Ministries, to an unprecedented extent, have become bastions of nepotism and other forms of corruption; the severely politicized judiciary represents anything but the ‘rule of law,’ with even the Supreme Court doing the government’s bidding.”