Un policía ha muerto y otros dos han resultado heridos en el este de Bosnia por los disparos de un hombre que ha atacado una comisaría de policía al grito de “Allahu akbar” (“Dios es el más grande”, en árabe). La agresión se ha producido a primera hora de la noche del lunes en Zvornik, en la República Srpska, de mayoría serbobosnia –desde el fin de la guerra, país se divide en dos entidades: federación bosnio-croata y la República Srpska--.
The President of Bosnia’s Serb-dominated entity, Milorad Dodik, said his entity may withdraw from Bosnia's state-level security apparatus following an attack on a police station in the east of the country.
“Republika Srpska was shot at and we have right to defend ourselves, and we will defend ourselves,” Dodik said.
Bosnia's main Serbian party, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, SNSD, on Saturday re-elected its leader, Milorad Dodik, at a party congress in Eastern Sarajevo for another four years.
The SNSD also elected other key party bodies and adopted several declarations, setting out its long-term strategic orientation. One called for a referendum for the independence of Bosnia’s Serbian-dominated entity, Republika Srpska, RS, in 2018, unless Bosnia’s political and administrative settlement under the original 1995 Dayton peace accord is restored by then.
The statement from Nebojsa Radmanovic, a senior leader of the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, SNSD, sparked a heated debate in Bosnian media over the weekend, with opponents claiming that it could unsettle the ethnically-divided country’s stability.
“The resolution that was anounced directly threatens peace and stability in our country,” said a statement from an opposition Social Democratic Party, SDP.
The main Bosnian Serb party, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, SNSD, has threatened to block the work of Bosnia’s long-awaited new state government, the Council of Ministers, which is holding its first session on Tuesday.
Following a meeting of the party leadership on Monday, SNSD officials pledged to expand their boycott of state institutions, which is already affecting the work of the state parliament.
Leaders of Bosnia’s ruling parties averted political and financial disaster - literally on the stroke of midnight - by approving new state and Federation entity governments as well as Federation entity budget for 2015.
Administrative problems, procedural shortcomings and political squabbling had blocked the formation of new governments on different levels for a full half year after general elections last October.
Bosnia’s ruling coalition has effectively collapsed after the three main parties in the Federation failed to agree on the makeup of the entity's new government on Sunday.
This development puts in question the recent agreement on the formation of the new state government, and threatens to push the country deeper into political chaos five months after the elections.
Talks were held in Sarajevo on Sunday aimed at finding an agreement on how to distribute eight Bosniak, five Croat and three Serb ministerial positions in the new Federation government.
Tough negotiating positions and maximalist demands by the leaders of the three strongest parties in Bosnia's Federation entity have scuppered the latest attempt to establish a new entity government. Party leaders pledged to reconvene negotiations at the end of the week.
Los tres miembros de la Presidencia multiétnica de Bosnia han nombrado este lunes a Denis Zvizdic como nuevo primer ministro del país balcánico, en un paso adelante de cara a la formación de un Gobierno nacional que pueda adoptar las reformas requeridas desde la UE. El nombramiento de Zvizdic, hasta ahora líder cantonal de Sarajevo y presidente del Parlamento de la Federación de Bosnia y Herzegovina, se había visto retrasado por las dificultades en la designación de nuevas autoridades en este territorio bosniaco-croata.
The Serb Democratic Party, SDS, which came second in the elections in Republika Srpska last month, has offered cabinet positions to the Socialist Party, SP, in a bid to win its favours from the ruling Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, SNSD.
The SNSD came first in the polls. But both the SNSD and the SDS need the support of smaller parties to help them create a parliamentary majority and form a government in the entity.
Bosnia's two main Serbian and Croatian parties, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, SNSD, and the Croatian Democratic Union, HDZ, agreed in Mostar to join entity and state-level governments together. They said they now seek a partner among the Bosniaks.
At a meeting on October 30 held in the HDZ's headquarters, SNSD president Milorad Dodik and the HDZ's Dragan Covic agreed on the formation of new governments and invited Bosnia's main Bosniak party, the Party of Democratic Action, SDA, and others, to join them.
The main party representing Serbs in Bosnia, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, SNSD, has called on the country's largest Bosniak party, the Party of Democratic Action, SDA, and the Croatian Democratic Union, HDZ, to start talks on forming a government.
Igor Radojicic of the SNSD said on Tuesday that the SDA and HDZ should be talking with his party about the formation of a new Council of Ministers, as the executive is called in Bosnia and Herzegovina - and there was no time to waste.
Damir Hadzic and Nermin Niksic, two key figures in Bosnia's Social Democratic Party, SDP, have resigned decision-making posts in the party after its debacle in last Sunday's elections.
At a crisis press conference on October 16, the SDP said an extraordinary party congress would soon choose a new leadership.
Zlatko Lagumdzija, the veteran party leader, confirmed that he would not be running for the post again.
The Party of Democratic Action, SDA, based on 86 per cent of counted votes, will likely take the lead position in Bosnia's new state-level government after it won around 28 per cent of the votes in the country's Federation entity - around 233,000 votes in all.
In the other entity, Republika Srpska, with some 229,000 votes, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, SNSD, has emerged again as the leading party.
Los colegios electorales en Bosnia-Herzegovina cerraron hoy a las 19:00 horas (17:00 GMT) después de doce horas de votación en las elecciones generales del país, en las que se elegían a los representantes públicos de las instituciones centrales y de sus dos entes autónomos.
Cuatro horas antes del cierre el 36,6% de los votantes habían ejercido su derecho a voto, según informó a la prensa Stjepan Mikic, presidente de la Comisión Electoral Central (CIK).
After four years of political, economic and social crisis, citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina are preparing to vote in new general elections on Sunday, hoping that new governments will finally bring the country out of its misery.
But, many fear that old ideologies and irresponsible policies will maintain the status quo, or make the situation even worse.
These fears, shared by locals and international experts alike, have been reinforced in the month-long campaign period, which was to end on Friday.
Valentin Inzko, the High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), on Friday urged BiH citizens to vote in the upcoming general elections this month.
During a visit to Prijedor in northern BiH, Inzko said in a statement that voters can "decide their destiny" if they actively participate the voting.
"Voters have the right to choose and it is important that they choose a better future for themselves," said Inzko, "If you do not go to the polls, then your fate will be decided by others."
A databse on the properties and assets of 160 politicians in Bosnia, produced by the Center for Investigative Reporting, CIN, in Sarajevo has drawn reactions from politicians and member of the public following its publication this week.
The database showed that the real estate holdings of many politicians have kept growing throughout their careers, this past year included.
Journalists from CIN worked on the database for nine months, gathering documentation about property ownership, vehicles, loans and incomes.
After Bosnia's parliament failed to agree on changes to the electoral law for Mostar, it appears that the city will again miss out on local elections due in October.
Lawmakers of Bosnia's House of Representatives, one of two chambers of parliament, failed to adopt changes to the electoral law on holding elections in Mostar on Wednesday.
As a result, local elections expected in October will again have skip the ethnically divided city in southwest Bosnia.