Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Name in local language:
الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية
Form of government:
- Founding date/ Date of independence: 28 December 1960
- Date of constitution/reform: 1991/1996, amended in 2012
- Form of state: Unitary, under devolution or deconcentration process.
- Administrative divisions: 12 wilayat (regions), 52 mugatat (provinces) and 1 capital district.
- Official language(s): Arabic, and recognized as national languages: Arabic, Peul, Soninké and Wolof.
- Other spoken languages: French
- Status of religion: Islam (non denominational), official religion.
- Minorities: Arab-Berbers form the majority, haratin (freed slaves and descendants) and Sub-Saharan ethnic groups are important minorities.
- Dominant actor(s): Army
- Elected institutions of government: presidency, government, two chambers of Parliament and local authorities.
- Non-elected institutions of government: regional governors.
- Party system: semi-competititve and fragmented.
- Head of state: Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz, since 2009, renewed in 2014
- Head of government: Yahya Ould Hademine, since August 2014.
- Minister of Foreign Affairs: Hamadi Ould Baba Ould Hamadi
- Minister of Interior: Mohamed Ould Boilil
- Head(s) of Legislative Branch: Messaoud Ould Bouljeir
- Composition legislative branch: Link to PDF
- Head of the Judiciary: Sghair Ould M'bareck (Constitutional Court)
- Schematic representation of the political system: Link to PDF