Sutlanate of Omán
Name in local language:
Sultanat Oman, transliterated from Arabic سلطنة عُمان
Form of government:
- Founding date/ Date of independence: 1971, from UK
- Date of constitution/reform: Semi-constitution or “de facto” constitution, the Basic Statute of the State (1996), renovated in 2011 by the protests.
- Form of state: Centralized
- Administrative divisions: 11 governorates, in turn divided into 60 wilayat or provinces.
- Official language(s): Arabic
- Other spoken languages: English, Baluchi, Urdu.
- Official religion: Islam (Kharijite or Ibadi School).
- Minorities: Minorities from India, as Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Zoroastrians, and the other hand also Christians.
- Dominant actor(s): Royal family (as-Said).
- Elected institutions of government: Consultative Council (Majlis ash-Shura), with limited and shared powers to legislate.
- Non-elected institutions of government: Government, the Senate (Majlis ad-Dawla) and local authorities.
- Party system: There are no Parties.
- Head of State: Qabus ben Said as-Said
- Head of government: Fahd ben Mahmud as-Said
- Minister of Foreign Affairs: Yusuf ben Alawi
- Minister of Interior: Sayid Hamud ben Faysal
- Head of Legislative Branch: Jaled ben Hilal
- Head of Judiciary: Ishaq ben Ahmed al Busaidi
- Schematic representation of the political system: Link to PDF