Official name: 
Republic of Mali
Name in local language: 
République du Mali; Mali ka Fasojamana
Form of government: 
Political system: 
  • Founding date/ Date of independence: 22 September 1960 (from France)
  • Date of constitution/reform: 12 January 1992; modified in 1999
  • Form of state: Unitary
  • Administrative divisions: 8 regions; 1 district (Bamako)
  • Official language(s): French
  • Other spoken languages: Bambara, Dogon, Songhai, Soninké, Bobo, Peul, Tamasheq, Hassaniya.
  • Official religion: Secular
  • Minorities: linguistic-ethnic: bambara, malinkés, soninkés, peul, senufos, bozos, dogons, songhais, jassonkés, tuareg, maure, arabs, kunta; religious: christians.
  • Dominant actor(s): in occupied northern regions: armed islamist groups, rebel tuareg groups and terrorist groups; in southern regions: the army and religious and traditional leaders.
  • Elected institutions of government: President, National Assembly, municipal councillors.
  • Non-elected  institutions of government:
  • Party system: multy-party system.

Current authorities

  • Head of state: Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (since 4 September 2013, was ousted in the 18th August  2020 military coup and replaced by a Military Junta. Bah Ndaw is the provisional president of the state since September 20th 2020. As a result, Mali has been suspended of the African Union. On the 24th May 2021, a second coup d'état replaced Ndaw by colonel Assimi Goita, the new strong man in Mali.
  • Head of government: Boubou Cisse, since April 2019. Ousted on August 18th by the Military Junta. Acting prime minister is Moctar Ouane since August 27th, 2020.
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs: Abdoulaye Diop, until coup.
  • Minister of Interior: Abdoulaye Idrissa Maïga, until coup.
  • Head(s) of Legislative Branch: Younoussi Touré, until coup. The parliament was replaced by the National Transition Council on december 2020, led by speaker Malick Diaw.
  • Composition legislative branch: Link to PDF
  • Head of the Judiciary:
  • Schematic representation of the political system