United Arab Emirates
Name in local language:
الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة transliterated from Arabic al-Imarat al-'arabiyya al-muttahida.
Form of government:
- Founding date/ Date of independence: 1971 from UK
- Date of constitution/reform: Interim Constitution of 1971 was ratified in 1996 permanently.
- Form of state: Federal
- Administrative divisions: 7 Emirates: Abu Dabi, Dubái, Ajmán, Fuyaira, Ras al-Jaima, Sharyah and Umm al-Qaywayn.
- Official language(s): Arabic
- Other spoken languages: English, Asian languages such as Urdu, Pashtu or Tagalo.
- Official religion: Islam
- Minorities: UAE nationals are only 20% of residents in the UAE (85% Sunni). The largest population group comprise Asians (Pakistanis and Sri blangadeshíes lankíes), followed by Arabic and Persian and Western expatriates. Apart from Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism is practiced.
- Dominant actor(s): Abud Dhabi royal family (al-Nahyan and al-Nahayan) and royal families in each emirate.
- Elected institutions of government: Federal National Council, a restricted electoral college choose 40 members of this body, with advisory powers.
- Non-elected institutions of government: President of the Federation (through heredity, the emir of Abu Dhabi), the government (through heredity, the prime minister is the emir of Dubai) and local authorities.
- Party system: No parties allowed.
- Head of state: Jalifa bin Zayed al-Nahayan, since 2004. The Emir of Abu Dabi and President of the Federation.
- Head of government: Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktum, since 2006
- Minister of Foreign Affairs: Abdullah bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
- Minister of Interior: Sheikh Saif Bin Zayed Al Nahyan
- Legislative Branch: There is only one chamber: the Federal National Council.
- Judiciary: Supreme Court and the Courts of First Instance.
- Schematic representation of the political system: Link to PDF
Head of State: Royal Family
Government: Prime Minister Office
Minister of Interior: Website
Minister of Foreign Affairs: Website
Arab Press: Al Khaleej
English Press: The Arabian Post The National
Electoral System: Website