- Name: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي – قطر سوريا or Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki (in Arabic), Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (in English). Generally called just the Ba'ath Party.
- Year founded: 1947 - by Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar as a Pan-Arab party
- Ideology: Ba'athist (originally - nowadays little of Ba'athism remains about the party), Authoritarian, Statist
- Current leader & function: Bashar al-Assad
- Number of seats in parliament: 134 out of 250, since May 2012 elections
- Currently in government or in opposition: In government
- Legal status: Legal political party
- Link to official party website: http://www.baath-party.org/
- Observations: Once the ideological vanguard of the Syrian state, the Ba'ath Party progressively degenerated into first, an authoritarian state apparatus and second, an empty shell functioning mainly as a patronage network, virtually indistinguishable from the state itself. On Hafez al-Assad's death in 2000, his son Bashar was named simultaneously President of Syria and head of the Ba'ath Party.