Socialist Forces Front

  • Name - Original language & name in English: جبهة القوى الاشتراكية (Arabic), Front des forces socialistes (French), Socialist Forces Front (English)
  • Year founded: 1963
  • Ideology: Socialist, Democratic
  • Current leader & function: Hocine Ait Ahmed (president), Ali Laskri (first secretary)
  • Number of seats in parliament (lower house): 27 seats
  • Currently in government or in opposition: In opposition
  • Legal status: Legal political party (between 1963 and 1990 the FFS was prohibited)
  • Link to official party
  • Observations: Algeria's veteran opposition party, founded by Ait Ahmed - one of the country's historic revolutionary leaders - at a time when the one-party dictatorship of the FLN was just beginning to take hold of the state. Banned almost immediately, the FFS survived in clandestinity and in exile for many years until the political opening of 1989. It had the second best result in the cancelled 1991 legislative elections but has participated only sporadically in elections since, partly to protest at the unfair elections partly to avoid being co-opted. To what extent it is a genuinely universal opposition party or just a party of the Berber minority remains unknown.