On February 21st, 2020, 57,918,000 Iranians were called to vote in the first round of the 11th Legislative Elections since the establishment of the Iranian Islamic Republic in 1979. Among the voters, 2,931,000 were first-time voters, as they were over the minimum age of 18 established by the electoral law. The posts in dispute were the 290 seats of the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis), which represents the 31 Iranian provinces, divided among 208 electoral districts (174 single and 34 multiple). Amongst the multiple districts, the most important can be found, due to the number of seats and political weight of them in the national context, which includes the municipalities of Tehran, Ray, and Shemiranat, and appoints 30 MPs.
The fact that these 30 elected seats in the former elections of 2016 were for the “Hope List”, which supported the political project of the current president Hassan Rouhani, has boosted the hopes on these election results as a referendum on his administration management, especially due to the few benefits of the nuclear agreement (JCPOA) and the protests caused by the economic shortage, mostly since the reimposed sanctions by the USA in May 2018.